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AirBooks library: ATC Emergencies

This library of AirBooks covers a wide range of emergencies, how they should be handled, and how to prevent them.

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About these AirBooks

Emergency Response Planning

This AirBook covers emergencies that air traffic services may encounter and how to appropriately handle them in order to have minimal disruption to other services. These plans are outlined discussing who should be involved, how the issue should be handled and how they should be resourced. Different ways to minimise common disruptions are also explained.

  • Get an understanding of ICAOs GASP (Global Air Security Plan) as it relates to developing an Emergency Response Plan (ERP)
  • What is the general purpose of an ERP
  • Who is responsible for what during a response to an emergency
  • What information is passed and managed during an emergency
  • What has to be considered when returning back to normal operations.

Abnormal Situation Handling

This AirBook covers examples of abnormal situations an ATC may encounter and how they should be handled. This includes a variety of situations from hydraulic failures and bomb threats to loss of separation and loss of communications. The AirBook also discusses types of incident reports and what should/shouldn’t be reported.

  • Understand what needs to be done when we need to assist an aircraft
  • Describe what is expected of Controllers and Pilots in an emergency or abnormal situation
  • Define common aircraft emergencies and describe useful actions by ATS to assist.

Emergency Situations

This AirBook covers the basics of various emergencies such as alerting services and how they should be used, emergency communications (facilities, peopleandhardware), as well as discussing additional subjects in supplementary reading such as unlawful interference, weather deviation, fuel dumping etc.

  • Describe the alerting procedures applied in aviation, including alerting phases, actions to be carried out by ATS, and the correct emergency phraseology procedures
  • Identify to whom an alerting service is provided
  • Range: All aircraft provided with ATC, all aircraft on flight plan, aircraft known/believed to be subject of unlawful interference
  • Identify the three alerting phrases including name, acronym, definition, and situations to which each applies, including exceptions range: INCERFA, ALERFA, DETRESFA
  • Identify ATS actions in the event of an emergency
  • Identify the international aeronautical emergency frequency, the emergency locator beacon frequency and emergency transponder squawk codes
  • Range: 121.5MHz, 406MHz; 7700, 7600, 7500
  • Identify and define the conditions of Distress and Urgency, including the appropriate phraseology for each
  • Range: MAYDAY; PAN PAN
  • Identify the requirement for ATS to acknowledge the transmission immediately.

Contingency Response Planning

This AirBook outlines what is involved when creating a contingency plan for an ANSP. This includes the best practices for planning processes and phase and the considerations to be discussed. This is supported with example scenarios and a plan that may be used for each of them.

  • Understand the planning process in developing a Contingency Plan for an ANSP
  • Define the phases an organisation should go through when implementing a Contingency Plan
  • Highlight some realistic situations thatan ANSP should have a Contingency Plan for.

Compromised Separation Theory

This AirBook examines how aircraft may end up in a compromised separation situation and how a controller can resolve these situations. This is supported by video scenarios of these issues occurring and possible approaches for how to deal with them.

  • Define aloss of separation
  • List contributing factors
  • Recognise how to respond to STCA
  • Describe actions required for TA and RA
  • Describe the immediate actions required for a loss of separation
  • Discuss the importance and content of ‘Essential Traffic’
  • Discuss appropriate techniques to respond to loss of separation.

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